MICAH AND HIS BOOK
The name Micah means “Who is like the Lord?” The first verse of his book gives us the other information that we can gather on the Prophet Micah. Micah 1:1 says: “The word of the Lord given to Micah of Moresheth during the reigns of Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah – the vision he saw concerning Samaria and Jerusalem.” From that verse we can learn that Micah came from a town about 20 miles southwest of Jerusalem in the area of Philistia. Moresheth Gath his hometown is called in Micah 1:14. Since Micah prophesied during the reigns of the three kings mentioned in 1:1, we know that he worked at the same time as Isaiah. Micah prophesied to both Samaria and Jerusalem, that is, to both the Northern and Southern Kingdoms. Samaria was the capital of the Northern Kingdom at Micah’s time. It is clear from his book that Micah prophesied to uncover the sins of both Israel and Judah. He was not afraid to denounce rulers, false prophets, priests, and all selfish and hypocritical people of the two kingdoms. He prophesied that Samaria would be made “a heap of rubble” for her sins and that disaster would also come to the gate of Jerusalem. But we remember Micah’s message most for his words of promise and hope. In his best remembered prophecy, he tells of the place of Christ’s birth: Read Micah 5:2. His Messianic prophecy in Micah 4:1-5 is almost identical to the prophecy of his contemporary, Isaiah, in Isaiah 2:2-4.
GENERAL OUTLINE FOR THE BOOK OF MICAH
1. Judgment Against Israel and Judah (1-3)
2. Messianic Prophecies (4-5)
3. The Lord’s Case Against Israel (6-7)
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